Geschichte Podcasts

Bristol DD-453 - Geschichte

Bristol DD-453 - Geschichte

Bristol

Mark Lambert Bristol wurde am 17. April 1868 in Glassboro, N. J. geboren und schloss 1887 die Akademie ab. Während des Spanisch-Amerikanischen Krieges diente er an Bord von Texas und nahm an der Schlacht von Santiago, Kuba, teil. Von 1901 bis 1903 diente er als Adjutant des Oberbefehlshabers der Nordatlantikflotte. Er kommandierte Oklahoma (BB-37) während des Ersten Weltkriegs und diente dann als US-Hochkommissar in der Türkei (1919-27). 1927 übernahm Konteradmiral Bristol das Kommando über die asiatische Flotte. Er starb am 13. Mai 1939.

(DD-453: dp, 1630; 1. 348'4"; T. 36'1"; dr. 17'6"; s. 35 1 k.; kpl. 276; a. 5 5", 5 21" ITT.; cl. Gleaves)

Die erste Bristol (DD-453) wurde am 25. Juli 1940 von Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N. J., vom Stapel gelassen; gesponsert von Frau Powell Clayton; und in Auftrag gegeben 21. Oktober 1941, Lieutenant Commander C. C. Wood im Kommando.

Während ihres ersten Dienstjahres operierte Bristol als Patrouillen- und Konvoi-Eskortschiff im Nordatlantik und unternahm mehrere transatlantische Reisen nach Irland. Am 24. Oktober 1942 unternahm sie ihre erste Reise nach Nordafrika, um an der Landung in Fedhala in Französisch-Marokko (8.-17. November) teilzunehmen. Ende November kehrte sie in die Vereinigten Staaten zurück und operierte von Norfolk aus bis zum 14.

Während ihres Dienstes in diesem Gebiet nahm sie an der sizilianischen Invasion (9. Juli, 17. August 1943) und der Landung in Salerno (9.-21. September) teil. Am 11. September 1943 rettete Bristol 70 Überlebende aus der torpedierten Rowan (DD-405).

Am 13. Oktober 1943 um 04:30 Uhr wurde Bristol beim Eskortieren eines Konvois nach Oran, Algerien, von einem feindlichen Torpedo auf der Backbordseite im vorderen Maschinenraum getroffen, wodurch das Schiff in zwei Hälften brach. Es ereignete sich nur eine Explosion. Es kam zu keinen Bränden, aber Dampf, Strom und Kommunikation gingen verloren und das Schiff musste aufgegeben werden. Acht Minuten nach der Explosion sank die Achtersektion und vier Minuten später ging die Bugsektion unter. Bristol erlitt den Verlust von 52 seiner Besatzung. Die Überlebenden wurden von Trippe (DD-403) und Wainwiqght (DD-419) gerettet.

Bristol erhielt drei Kampfsterne für ihren Dienst im Zweiten Weltkrieg.


USS Bristol (DD 453)

Dies ist eine Liste von Personen, die mit diesem Schiff verbunden sind.
Wir haben auch eine ausführliche Seite zum amerikanischen Zerstörer USS Bristol (DD 453).

An Bord der USS Bristol (DD 453) bei einem Treffer am 13. Oktober 1943

Sie können auf einen der Namen klicken, um mögliche zusätzliche Informationen zu erhalten

NameAlterRangServiert auf
Allen, Cecil Lee, USN Radarmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Althoff, Joseph Francis, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Amell, Benjamin Henry, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Amspacher, Edward Charles, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Anderson, Herbert Karl, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Angelopoulos, George, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Angione, Frank Joseph, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Annarummo, Carl Michael, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Anspach, Fred Bernard, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Antosz, Edward, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Arnold, Charles Frederick, USN Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Arnot, Arthur Stuart, USN Leitender SchiffsmonteurUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Atwater, Richard Elmer, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Averill, William M., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Bagley, Richard Perry, USN CheffunkerUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bailey, Floyd William, USN 3. Klasse kochenUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Bailey, Ward Lorraine, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Baker, Veryl Richard, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Barnes, Jack Woodrow, USNR Yeoman First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Barnhart, Earl D., USN Funker erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bausell, Charles William, USN Bootsmannsmaat Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Baxley, Joshua Warfield, USNR LeutnantUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Begley, Warren G., USN Signalwärter zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Benson, Russell Albert, USN Gefährte des ChefmechanikersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bice, Arthur Michael, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Billett, Taylor, USNR Maschinist's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Birghtwell, Fred Rose, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Blisko, Thomas George, USN Wassertender First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Blough, Jack Nelson, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bolles, Harold Charles, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bosker, Jack Russell, USNR Torpedoman's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bowdey, Harland R., USN FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Blechbläser, Wilbur Devaughn, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Breg, Johnnie Lewis, USNR Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Brewster, Columbus Patten, USN Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Briecke, Edward Donald, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Briggs, Harold Matthew, USN CheffunkerUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Britt, Joseph Asberry, USNR Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Brown, Theodore Franklin, USNR Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
Bugajski, Bruno Anthony, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bulawa, Victor John, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Bundick, William Orval, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Butler, William Francis, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cameron, Richard Milton, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cannpa, Edward Joseph, USNR Soundman Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Carter, Richard Leo, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cassidy, James Thurman, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cataldo, Victor James, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cawley, Raymond, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cervenak, Nicholas, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Chmiel, Stanley Bernard, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Clark, Ansel Robert, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Clement, Jack Walton, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Coburn, Frederick Warren, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Coffey, James Joseph, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Coffman, Kenneth Dale, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Coiro, Anthony Joseph, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Coleman, Robert Emmett, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Collier, Albert Ray, USNR Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cramer, Morris George, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Cranmer, Morris Collins Gatewood, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Crosby, Jack Frederick, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Dailey, Virgil Eugene, USN Gunner's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Davis, Elmer Ray, USN Gefährte des Häuptlings TorpedomanUSS Bristol (DD 453)
De Busk, Vernon Jared, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
De Celio, Rocco Vito, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
De Fluiter, Franklin J., USNR Wassertender 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
De Francisco, Albert Constantino, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
De Gennaro, Joseph Anthony, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
De Vera, Henry, USN Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Döner, Arthur John, USN Signalman First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Donovan, James Joseph, USN Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Dubois, Wilfred Clement, USNR Torpedoman's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Dunaj, Stanley Theodore, USN Kesselhersteller erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Dyer, W. B., USN Chief Water TenderUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Edens, Bruce W., USNR22Maschinist's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Edwards, Willey Thomas, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Ernst, Charles Augustus, USNR Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
Federowice, Henry Francis, USNR Kumpel zweiter Klasse des MotormechanikersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Fenchel, Thomas Hendricks, USNR Soundman 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Fenton, Joseph Edward, USN Schiffsmonteur 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Figlo, Rocco George, USN Radarmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Fitzgerald, Q.D., USN Wassertender First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Flanagan, John Joseph, USN Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Fors, Eilis Olavi, USN Elektriker Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Freund, William Robert, USN Mate des HäuptlingsbootsmannsUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Frohman, Charles Theodore, USN Torpedoman's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Galdauskas, John Anthony, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Giardini, Thomas, USN Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Glasur, Elmer Adrian, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Glick, John Albert, USN KommandantUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Godek, Alfred Richard, USNR Bootsmanns Mate 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Godere, George William, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Golaszewski, Anthony Joseph, USN Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Golemme, Salvatore, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Gross, Aaron Jay, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Gross, David Russell, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Gustafson, Leroy Gustaf, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Halvorsen, Clarence, USNR Yeoman Dritte KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Harris, Everett Jones, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Hart, Charles Leo, USNR SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Havens, Thurston West, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Hayes, Ira Boyd, USN KanonierUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Heidenrich, Charles A., USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Heizer, Charles W., USNR Maschinist's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Henderson, Thomas, USNR Stewards Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Hiers, William Henry, USNR Schiffskoch First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Hindrichs, Raymond Joseph, USNR Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453) +
Hodge, Lacey, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Holthusen, Christopher Louis, USN Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Hornbaker, Edmund, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Howe, Franklin Abrum, USN Soundman Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Howison, James A., USNR Elektriker Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Isenberg, Herbert Hartley, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Jacobs, Ernst Ollie, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
James, Bennett, USNR Stewards Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Jasina, Leon Joseph, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Jerolaman, Marvin Harry, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Johnson, David Michener, USNR Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Johnson, Norman Daniel, USN Gefährte des ChefmechanikersUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Jones, Earl Henderson, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Jones, Lloyd Wesley, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Judson, Kenneth, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kacewich, Adam, USN Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Kelly, John Joseph, USN Elektrikerkollege 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kendrick, Edmund Hopkinson, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kerkhoff, Stanley August, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kerridge, Francis Norman, USN Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Kingery, Vernon Clark, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kirkpatrick, George, USN Chief Water TenderUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kobasa, John Paul, USN Torpedoman's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kolaczko, Andrew, USNR Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kompara, Sylvester Joseph, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kozarek, Joseph, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kreutchic, Irving, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kufner, Joseph Francis, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
La Point, Roderick George, USN Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lacy, Thomas Butler, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lambert, Ena Henry, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lambert, William, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Landis, Charles Walter, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lane, Hoyt, USNR Stewards Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Laquindanum, David Viray, USN OffiziersstewardUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lasky, John Joseph, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lechner, William Charles, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lederer, William Julius, USN OberstleutnantUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lewis, Laverne Max, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lindemann, Donald Joseph, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lindsey, Andrew H., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Link, Roy Oliver, USN Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Littleton, Euell C., USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Loyd, Carl Cecil, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Loyd, Edward Lanier, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Lund, Orville Jerome, USN Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Mahoney, John Joseph, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Mansker, Tom Richard, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Manzerra, Louis A., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Martin, James F., USN Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Martino, Joseph James, USN Carpenter's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Mathews, Lloyd Faver, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Maxwell, Edward Clay, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
McCain, Audley Hill, USN Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
McCain, Vernon Keith, USNR Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
McDermott, John J., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
McDormand, Granville Healy, USNR Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
McGough, William James, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
McGrail, James J., USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
McGurn, James Joseph, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
McKee, Donald Orvis, USN Kesselhersteller erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
McNeill, Edward Allen, USNR Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
Mellen, Winthrop W., USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Melnick, Michael, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Meyer, Gerald Edward, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Migliore, Michael Angelo, USNR Yeoman Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Miller, Auburn Hugh, USN Gunner's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Miller, Jesse Martin, USN Gefährte des Chief GunnersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Miller, Leroy Sparley, USN Torpedoman's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Mirabile, Frank Joseph, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Mitchell, Daniel, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Mohan, John Leo, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Montesanto, Peter Joseph, USNR Yeoman Dritte KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Morin, Leo Henry, USNR Schiffsmonteur 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Moses, Isidor, USNR Schiffskoch First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Nelson, Albert Byron, USNR Torpedoman's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Nelson, Robert Asbury, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Nemec, Carlton Albert, USNR Ladenbesitzer First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Neulist, Earl Walter, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Neville, Leslie Harding, USN Wassertender 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Nein, Roland Leonard, USN Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
O'Haus, Peter, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
O'Neill, Gilbert William, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Oakes, Daniel Webster, USN Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Oaks, Kenneth Courtland, USNR Funker erster KlasseUSS Reuben James (DD 245), USS Bristol (DD 453)
Olson, Theodore Wallin, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Tempo, Lloyd, USN Kumpel des ChefapothekersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Tempo, Nicholas William, USNR Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Pageau, Gerard Aldei, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Pappas, George, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Parks, James Gilbert, USN Carpenter's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Perry, Edward James, USNR Yeoman Dritte KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Peterson, Edwin Eugene, USN Gefährte des ChefmechanikersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Petri, Russel Louis, USN Quartiermeister erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Phillips, Patrick Joseph, USNR Torpedoman's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Pillard, Arnold Albert, USN Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Poirier, Oscar Raoul, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Poper, Benjamin Franklin, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Poplawski, Alexander Theodore, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Porter, Albert Ceylon, USNR Wassertender 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Poules, Nicholas, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Powell, James Lee, USNR Stewards Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Befugnisse, George Francis, USN Schiffskoch 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Kräfte, James Kennith, USN Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Befugnisse, James Wilfred, USNR Radarmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Befugnisse, Robert John, USN Bahnwärter 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Prinz, George Raymond, USNR Soundman 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Quinn, Edward Lee, USN Torpedoman's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Radvansky, Joseph Bernard, USNR Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Regen, Encil Elwood, USNR Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
Rankin, Frank Wister, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Raymond, Wallace Joseph, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Ricapito, Vito, USN Maler 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Richey, Earl David, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Riegel, Gerald Bucher, USNR Maschinist's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Riley, Raymond Joseph, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Roberts, George Frederick, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Robichaud, Arthur Ephrem, USNR Feuerwehrmann zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Robichaud, Julien, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Robinson, Richard Daniel, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rock, Matthew Mark, USN Schiffsmonteur 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rogers, William Robert, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rooney, Thomas Edward, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rose, LaVern William, USNR Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rosena, John Anthony, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Ross, Joseph Anthony, USNR Gunner's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rossini, Giovanni Battista, USN Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rousseau, Achilles Herve, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Rua, Joseph, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Runion, Charles Alfred, USN Gefährte des ChefmechanikersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Safian, Michael Joseph, USN Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Savoy, Robert Hoxie, USN Gunner's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Sedoruk, Paul Maxim, USN Wassertender 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Sefton, Earl James, USNR Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Seiverling, Gordon Carl, USNR Elektrikerkollege 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Schatten, George William Richard, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Shannon, Thomas Edward, USNR Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Shultz, Marvin Russel, USNR Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Sloan, John Andrew, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Smith, Gerald Richard, USN Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Smith, Harvey Melven, USN Gunner's Mate 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Snider, Thomas Lee, USN Wassertender 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Sorel, Robert Corey, USNR Schiffskoch 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Soutchfield, Orville Thomas, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Steidinger, Clifford Lee, USN Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Stephens, Samuel Marvin, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Stiles, Weldon Harding, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Strieter, Roy Royland, USN27Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Surriner, George William, USN Maschinist's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Taylor, Henry Lewis, USNR Maschinist Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Taylor, Nelson Ferebee, USNR FähnrichUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Tempel, Jasper Lewis, USN Gunner's Mate First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Tervo, Aarne John, USN Leutnant zur See)USS Bristol (DD 453)
Tharp, Edwin Stroud, USN SteuermannUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Tinsley, Edward Harold, USN Metallschmied First ClassUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Toan, Wayne Alvin, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Torongo, Charles Melvin, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Turgeon, Rudolph Emil, USN Gunner's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Uvanitte, James Paul, USNR Zimmermannsgehilfe 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Veilleux, Roger W.D., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Vergeetti, Nickolas Domenick, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Vied, William Albert, USNR Elektrikerkollege 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Vinson, Ernest Everett, USN Chief Steward des OffiziersUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Vitzthum, Richard Joseph, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Walker, Leonard Irvin, USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Warren, John T., USN HauptquartiermeisterUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Weisner, Charles William, USNR Chefspezialist, SportlehrerUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wentz, Jack Allen, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Weiß, Edward John, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Weiß, Perry William, USNR Feuerwehrmann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Whitlock, Horace Vaughn, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Whitney, Curtis Stowe, USN Radarmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Whitters, Marvin O., USNR Seemann 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Whyte, Dick Dudley, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wilkies, Herschell Baucum, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wilson, Robert James, USNR Funker dritter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Witzig, Albert Ward, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wolf, Deward Carl, USNR Quartiermeister 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wolfe, Ray, USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wolken, Robert James, USNR Elektrikerkollege 2. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wondolowski, Alexander Adalbert, USN Gunner's Mate Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wood, Jim B., USNR Seemann erster KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453) +
Woodward, Amos Euahl, USN Soundman Zweite KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Wright, Roy Richardson, USNR Apothekergehilfe zweiter KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)
Zbieszkowski, Frank Joseph, USNR Feuerwehrmann 3. KlasseUSS Bristol (DD 453)

Serviert auf zeigt die Schiffe an, die wir für die Person aufgelistet haben, einige waren auf mehreren Schiffen stationiert, die von U-Booten getroffen wurden.

Personen, die in diesem Eintrag fehlen? Oder vielleicht zusätzliche Informationen?
Wenn Sie ein Besatzungsmitglied zur Liste hinzufügen möchten, benötigen wir die meisten dieser Informationen: Schiffsname, Nationalität, Name, Geburtsdatum, Geburtsort, Dienst (Handelsmarine, . ), Dienstgrad oder Beruf an Bord. Wir haben auch Platz für ein Foto, falls vorhanden. Hier können Sie uns die Informationen per E-Mail zusenden.


Mục lục

Bristol được chế tạo tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company Kearny, New Jersey. Nó được đặt lườn vào ngày 20.12. Con tàu được cho nhập biên chế cùng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 22 tháng 10 năm 1941 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Thiếu tá Hải quân C. C. Wood.

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy, Bristol hoạt động tuần tra và hộ tống vận tải tại Bắc Đại Tây Dương, thực hiện nhiều chuyến vượt đại dương in Irland. Vào ngày 24 tháng 10 năm 1942, nó thực hiện chuyến đi đầu tiên sang Bắc Phi trong khuôn khổ các hoạt động của Chiến dịch Fackel, đổ bộ ln Fedhala bộ ln Fedhala cuối tháng 11, nó hoạt động ngoài khơi Norfolk, Virginia cho đến ngày 14 tháng 1 năm 1943, khi nó lại i sang khu vực Địa Trung Hải. Ngoại trừ một chuyến đi n vùng kênh đào Panama vào tháng 4 năm 1943, chiếc tàu khu trục thuần túy hoạt động tại khu vực này gia cngủ c 10 hamn thc , Ý từ ngày 9 tháng 7 đến ngày 17 tháng 8 cũng như trong cuộc đổ bộ lên Salerno từ ngày 9 đến ngàtu 21. Eberesche bị đắm do trúng ngư lôi.

Lúc 04 giờ 30 phút ngày 13 tháng 10 năm 1943, đang khi hộ tống một đoàn tàu vận tải i Oran, Algerien, Bristol bị một quả ngư lôi duy nhất, phóng từ tàu ngầm U-Boot Đức U-371 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Waldemar Mehl, đánh trúng phòng động cơ phía trước bên mạn trái. [1] Chiếc tàu khu trục bị vỡ làm đôi sau vụ nổ không có đám cháy nào xảy ra, nhưng mọi động năng, nguồn điện và thông tin bn bt. Phần đuôi con tàu bị đắm tám phút sau khi bị đánh trúng, rồi tiếp nối bởi phần trước con tàu bốn phút sau đó, ở tọa 37°′Đ19′B 6°Đ 37°19′B 6°Đ / 37.317 6.317 Tọa : 37°19′B 6°19′Đ  / 37.317°B 6.317°Đ / 37.317 6.317 . Bristol chịu tổn thất 52 người trong số thành viên thủy thủ đoàn. Những người sing sót được các tàu khu trục TrippeWainwright cứu vớt.

Bristol c tặng thưởng ba Ngôi sao Chiến trận tun thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


Inhalt

In ihrem ersten Dienstjahr Bristol operierte als Patrouillen- und Konvoi-Eskorte im Nordatlantik und unternahm mehrere transatlantische Reisen nach Irland. Am 22. September 1942 übernahm Commander John Albert Glick das Kommando über das Schiff. Am 24. Oktober 1942 unternahm sie ihre erste Reise nach Nordafrika im Rahmen der Landung der Operation Torch in Fedala, Französisch-Marokko (8.–17. November). Ende November kehrte sie in die Vereinigten Staaten zurück und operierte von Norfolk, Virginia bis zum 14. Oktober 1943.

Während ihres Dienstes in diesem Gebiet nahm sie an der Operation Husky (9. Juli – 17. August 1943) und den Landungen in Salerno (9. – 21. September) teil. Am 11. September 1943, Bristol rettete 70 Überlebende aus dem torpedierten Zerstörer Eberesche. Bei der Durchführung von Küstenbombardierungen während derselben Operation zerstörte sie den bewaffneten Zug der italienischen Marine ("treno armato") T. A. 76/2/T rund um den Hafen von Licata.

Am 13. Oktober 1943 um 04:30 Uhr während der Eskorte eines Konvois nach Oran, Algerien, Bristol wurde an Backbord im vorderen Maschinenraum von einem einzelnen Torpedo aus einem U-Boot getroffen U-371 kommandiert von Waldemar Mehl. Ώ] Bristol wurde durch die einzige Explosion in zwei Hälften gebrochen. Es kam zu keinen Bränden, aber Dampf, Strom und Kommunikation gingen verloren und das Schiff musste aufgegeben werden. Acht Minuten nach der Explosion sank das Achterschiff, vier Minuten später das Vorderteil. Bristol erlitt den Verlust von 52 ihrer Besatzung, die Überlebenden wurden von den Zerstörern gerettet Trippe und Wainwright.


DD-453 Bristol

Die erste Bristol (DD 453) wurde am 20. Dezember 1940 auf Kiel gelegt, am 25. Juli 1940 von Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N. J., gesponsert von Mrs. Powell Clayton, vom Stapel gelassen und am 22. Oktober 1941 unter dem Kommando von Lieutenant Commander C. C. Wood in Dienst gestellt.

Während ihres ersten Dienstjahres operierte Bristol als Patrouillen- und Konvoi-Eskortschiff im Nordatlantik und unternahm mehrere transatlantische Reisen nach Irland. Am 24. Oktober 1942 unternahm sie ihre erste Reise nach Nordafrika, um an der Landung in Fedhala in Französisch-Marokko (8.-17. November) teilzunehmen. Ende November kehrte sie in die Vereinigten Staaten zurück und operierte von Norfolk aus bis zum 14.

Während ihres Dienstes in diesem Gebiet nahm sie an der sizilianischen Invasion (9. Juli bis 17. August 1943) und an der Landung in Salerno (9. bis 21. September) teil. Am 11. September 1943 rettete Bristol 70 Überlebende aus der torpedierten Rowan (DD-405).

Am 13. Oktober 1943 um 04:30 Uhr wurde Bristol beim Eskortieren eines Konvois nach Oran, Algerien, von einem feindlichen Torpedo auf der Backbordseite im vorderen Maschinenraum getroffen, wodurch das Schiff in zwei Hälften brach. Es ereignete sich nur eine Explosion. Es kam zu keinen Bränden, aber Dampf, Strom und Kommunikation gingen verloren und das Schiff musste aufgegeben werden. Acht Minuten nach der Explosion sank die Achtersektion und vier Minuten später ging die Bugsektion unter. Bristol erlitt den Verlust von 52 ihrer Besatzung. Die Überlebenden wurden von Trippe (DD-403) und Wainwright (DD-419) gerettet.


USS Bristol DD-453 (1941-1943)

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USS Lea (DD-118)

USS Lea (DD-118) war ein Zerstörer der Wickes-Klasse, der sehr spät im Ersten Weltkrieg in Dienst gestellt wurde, bevor er während des größten Teils des Zweiten Weltkriegs im Konvoi-Eskortdienst im Atlantik operierte.

Die Lea wurde nach Edward Lea benannt, einem US-Marineoffizier, der bei der Rückeroberung von Galveston durch die Konföderierten im Januar 1863 tödlich verwundet wurde. Sein Vater, der in der Konföderierten Armee diente, war bei seinem Tod anwesend.

Die Lea wurde am 18. September 1918 bei William Cramp & Sons of Philadelphia auf Kiel gelegt, am 29. April 1918 vom Stapel gelassen und am 2. Oktober 1918 in Dienst gestellt.

Ihr erster Kommandant war Worth Bagley, Kommandant der USS Jacob Jones (DD-61), als sie am 6. Dezember 1917 von einem deutschen U-Boot bei Brest versenkt wurde. Nach seiner Rückkehr in die USA wurde Bagley zum ersten Kommandanten der Lea, und hatte das Kommando, als sie am 2. Oktober 1918 in Dienst gestellt wurde. Im Januar 1919 verließ Bagley das Schiff, um amerikanischer Hafenoffizier in Rotterdam zu werden.

Jeder, der zwischen dem 5. Oktober und dem 6. November 1918 auf ihr gedient hatte, qualifizierte sich für die Siegesmedaille des Ersten Weltkriegs, vermutlich weil ihre Shakedown-Kreuzfahrt sie in das Atlantikkriegsgebiet führte.

Im Jahr 1919 wurde die Lea diente im Atlantik als Teil von DesRon 19 und war einer der Zerstörer der US-Marine in Frankreich.

1920 die Lea an die Pazifikflotte übergeben. Sie wurde am 22. Juni 1922 in San Diego außer Dienst gestellt (zusammen mit dem Rest der Destroyer Division Eleven - Greer, Elliot, Tarbell, Yarnell und Upshur - die Speisekarte vom Stilllegungsessen der Division ist noch im Archiv erhalten.)

Die Lea wurde am 1. Mai 1930 wieder in Dienst gestellt und wieder bei der Pazifikflotte gedient. 1934 nahm sie an Fleet Problem XV teil, einer dreiteiligen Übung rund um den Panamakanal. Am 7. April 1939 wurde sie ein zweites Mal außer Dienst gestellt.

Die Lea wurde am 30. September 1939 unter dem Kommando von Lt. Comdr F.W. Slaven zum dritten Mal in Dienst gestellt. Im November 1939 war sie das Flaggschiff der DesRon 32, Teil der Neutralitätspatrouille, die im Westatlantik operierte.

In July 1941 she helped escort the transports that carried marines to Iceland, where on 8 July 1941 they replaced British troops who had occupied the island to prevent the Germans seizing it for use as a U-boat base.

On 30 August 1941, before the official US entry into the war, she was escorting the oiler Salinas on a return voyage to the United States, when she was hit by torpedoes. Die Salinas remained afloat, and the Lea helped escort her to safety in the United States.

Anyone who served on her during four periods between 26 June and 7 December 1941 qualified for the American Defense Service Medal.

After the American entry into the Second World War in December 1941 the Lea was allocated to convoy escort duties, serving in the North Atlantic, Caribbean and along the eastern seaboard.

In February 1942 she rescued the survivors of the Russian merchantman Dvinoles, which had been abandoned after a collision.

On 24 February the Lea and her fellow escorts were engaged in a day long battle with submarines attempting to attack Convoy ON 67, heading from Iceland to Newfoundland.

On 3-4 March 1942 the Lea und der Nicholson (DD-442) escorted the Amerikanische Legion (AP-35) from Nova Scotia to the Boston Navy Yard after engineering problems meant that the Amerikanische Legion had to abandon her planned voyage across the Atlantic carrying staff for the new destroyer base being built at Londonderry.

On 25 March 1942 the Lea left Norfolk heading for Iceland, escorting the oiler Winooski II (AO-38) and the Delta (AK-29), arriving on 1 April 1942.

On 28 August 1942 the Canadian corvette HMCS Oakville and PBY Catalinas from VP-92 sank U-94. Die Oakville und der Lea picked up survivors from the U-boat.

In February 1943 the US navy formed an anti-submarine hunter-killer group based around the escort carrier USS Bogue (CVE-9). Her first three trans-Atlantic crossings came without any victories, but that would soon change. Die Lea joined the group for its fourth crossing, which lasted from 22 April-30 May 1943. This time the group found a wolf pack attempting to attack a convoy. On 21-22 May the group carried out six attacks on submarines, and on 22 May the Bogue's aircraft sank U-569. The group was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for their success in defending the convoy.

Bogue (CVE-9), Lea, Greene (DD-266), Belknap (DD-251), Osmond Ingram (DD-255), George E. Badger (DD-196) and Composite Squadron Nine (VC-9) from the Bogue all qualified for the citation, which covered the period from 20 April to 20 June 1943.

On 31 December 1943, fives days out from New York, the Lea was rammed by a merchantman that was part of a convoy she was escorting. She had to be towed to Bermuda, and then on to Boston for full repairs, which weren't completed until 28 June 1944. This ended her time as a fully active warship, and for the rest of the war she was used for a mix of training and coastal convoy duties. After her repairs were completed she was based at Newport, where she was used as a target ship for torpedo planes, and to escort aircraft carriers during flight training. On 31 October-1 November she escorted the escort carrier Wake Island (CVE-65) from Quonset, Rhode Island, to Norfolk, Virginia.

In January-June 1945 she performed the same role in the waters off Florida. On 14 June 1945 she moved to Philadelphia, and on 20 July 1945 she was decommissioned. She was struck off the Navy Register on 13 August and sold for scrap on 30 November 1945.

Die Lea earned three battle stars during the Second World War, for escorting Convoy TAG-18, escorting Convoy ON-67, and as part of Task Group 21.12 in April-June 1943.


Convoy AT-20: USS Ingraham DD-444 sinks Buck DD-420, oiler USS Chemung damaged. SS Awatea , disappears. August 22, 1942 off Halifax.

USS Bristol DD-453, is torpedoed in the Mediterranean analysis by BuShips, using survivor accounts. Midway down on this page. Bristol had done valorous rescue work in Convoy AT-20 and helped save survivors of the USS Rowan at Salerno.

Copyright 2012 Franklyn E. Dailey Jr.

Convoy AT-20 was a heavily guarded all-troop convoy that left Halifax on August 22,1942, bound for the port of Glasgow Scotland. The entire DesRon 13, nine modern U.S. destroyers, was assigned to escort troops needed for the defense of Britain, through U-boat infested waters. A U.S. cruiser and a U.S. battleship was assigned in the event that Hitler ordered
Scharnhorst or Tirpitz to intercept.

The reader of the published book,"Joining The War At Sea 1939-1945" can learn in much greater detail of the terrible events that befell Convoy AT-20 on its first day out of Halifax N.S. in dense fog, especially in the convoy's first night at sea August 22, 1942 in dense patches of fog. That event left the USS Ingraham DD-444 on the bottom of the sea, the USS Buck DD420 without her stern and her two screws, the tanker USS Chemung afire in her bos'n stores forward, and the troopship, SS Awatea, with 5000 Canadian Troopers aboard, nowhere to be found. In 1997, I received e-mail feedback sent by Stewart Valcour shortly after he received a copy of the first edition of the book. Valcour was the son of a Canadian trooper who was embarked on the Awatea that evening . Valcour, the trooper was still living in 1997. That trooper was able to inform me through his son that the Awatea limped back toward Halifax on her own with a badly damaged bow. That Canadian trooper's feedback came as the result of putting the draft version of the book on this website. The trooper's feedback was then incorporated in the published book in the fall of 1998. The balance of the interpretation as to what happened, still lacking a full understanding of why it happened, was my own. In brief, I believed then that the Buck's stern had been sliced by the Awatea, and that the Chemung's bow had ripped into the belly of the Ingraham. The Ingraham exploded and sank rapidly and the Chemung was left on fire forward. In clearing fog, the Chemung was found by my ship, the USS Edison, DD439, many miles from the Buck. There had been no fire on the Buck. The Buck had lost freeboard aft due to stern flooding. Crewmembers trapped in her after steering engineroom were lost when her stern dropped off as the USS Buck tried to turn over the one screw that had not been lost in her initial collision with the Awatea.

I will shortly introduce another Canadian trooper's comments about that evening's events. His account, like all prior accounts including my own, will still be missing answers to the "why" question. As noted in the book, Ensign Melvin Brown USN was the only officer survivor of the Ingraham. He was a Naval Academy classmate of mine (USNA Class of 1943, the first wartime class to graduate a full year early in June 1942) and we had just graduated from the Academy two months earlier (June 19, 1942). As I developed a plan to interview Mel Brown in 1997, I was informed of his death when I received the next issue of Shipmate, the Naval Academy Alumni Magazine.

Any Ingraham survivor's story would help establish the facts, especially if he had been on duty around the bridge. When Ingraham was ordered to investigate a 'collision in the convoy' (that of Awatea and USS Buck) I assumed that Ensign Brown reported to his Mk. 37 Director station for Condition II,.There were just 10 other survivors. I have also made some attempts to find persons still living from the USS Philadelphia. Some member of that ship's company might be able to provide information about the specifics of Task Force Commander Rear Admiral Lyal Davidson's commands, first to the Buck, and then to the Ingraham to "close the convoy." Buck's orders were to coach a transport (SS Letitia) to the specified convoy course and Ingraham's orders were to close the convoy and investigate a "collision", which collision presumably involved the Buck.

The Buck was logically chosen to give Letitia the correct convoy base course, having the screen commander (ComDesRon 13, Captain John Heffernan USN) embarked and having a more roving position assignment in the screen and not responsible for a fixed ASW defense sector. The Ingraham was then a next logical choice to investigate a collision in the convoey, having the aft sector on the same port side of the convoy from which the Buck had attempted to enter the convoy. In that most dense of all fogs, with no tool like SG radar for finding any ship, and with all convoy ships strictly on helmsman stationkeeping, using the towing spar of the convoy ship in column ahead as the only course and speed guide, it was foolhardy for any screen ship to attempt to enter convoy lanes. The only potentially successful approach would have to have been from astern of the convoy after asking the row of stern ships of that convoy to also stream towing spars.

My first informant that evening in dense patches of fog, was Ensign Richard Hofer USN, just one class and 6 months ahead of me out of Annapolis, who I was relieving that evening as Junior Officer of the Deck Underway. On the port wing of the Edison, Dick and I together witnessed the most blinding flash of light ever to penetrate a thick fog. He then told me that the Ingraham had earlier been told to "close the convoy at high speed." Dick was one of the coolest and most capable officers I encountered in that wartime period. He was not given to exaggeration. He did not relate to me the 'tone' of voice that he heard over the TBS giving that order. Often we could tell when the Convoy or Task Force Commander personally gave the TBS order. But Dick gave me no more than the words themselves. (Dick became a Navy pilot and was lost in an aircraft crash not long after WW II.) The cruiser Philadelphia, on which Admiral Davidson was embarked, and the battleship USS New York, were with Convoy AT-20 as Ocean Escorts, to defend against any major German cruiser or battleship that might attempt to interfere with AT-20's transit to Scotland. The Philadelphia was often chosen to be Admiral Davidson's flagship and she and he acquitted themselves heroically in later months in the battle to beat back the Nazi forces in the Mediterranean. A first hand account from the bridge of the Philadelphia for that evening of August 22, 1942 would be a required assignment for historians. But, lacking that, let me go on to the account of William Brown, another Canadian trooper aboard the Awatea that evening.

In the next paragraph, I will quote verbatim Trooper Brown's first e-mail to Richard Angelini, webmaster for the Benson/Livermore destroyers of World War II. That e-mail was dated July 12, 2000. When big ships collide, whatever motion state they are in at the time of collision continues in spite of orders to the engineroom. Observations covering seconds would see those ships transversing ship lengths and one minute could easily mean a distance in which fog would change sharp outlines to a hazy apparition at best to total disappearance. Let me put this into numbers. These convoys made about 15 knots. Let me arbitrarily make that 15 miles per hour, a little under 15 knots. Fifteen miles per hour is 22 feet per second. In one minute a convoy ship would travel over 1200 feet, at least two ship lengths. A collision with a destroyer would hardly slow a liner like the Awatea. The convoy ships could not see the ship ahead due to fog. A towing spar three hundred feet behind would put those ships in column only 15 seconds apart, very little margin and an important marker not only for course and speed but for measurement of visibility.

William J. Brown: His first e-mail

"My name is William J. Brown. I was a trooper in the Canadian 4 th Division during ww2. I was on the Canadian troop ship (a converted passenger liner) that collided with the USS Ingraham. It was not an oil tanker. I saw the collision. I was just going up for watch on the bridge at midnight. As I was going up the stairs I felt a tremendous jolt and all glass shattered. Since it had been a passenger liner, there were lots of mirrors and glass. it had been commandeered for troop movement.

I cannot recall the name of the ship that I was on, but it was not Chemung. I am sure. As I got to the bridge, I saw the destroyer, which we had hit amidship, float off an sink. We were mustered to abandon ship, on deck, because the bow of our ship had a gaping hole in it. The convoy went to England without us. Se we sat there all by ourselves, sitting ducks for the German uBoats if they were to come.

"We managed to get a crew down in the hold to batten off the front compartment and kept us afloat. They turned us around back toward Canada, and we limped at 5 knots back to port. not knowing if we would ever make it back. I think it took two nights to get back. We were met by some Canadian subchasers and we made it to Sydney on Cape Breton Island. For the first week, we were told not to tell anyone that we were in a convoy, for security reasons, and this may be where your story came from. We were trying to protect the passage, to England, of the convoy that went on without us. German spies and uBoats were a big problem. Three or four months later, we were shipped back to Halifax where we joined another convoy to England. We participated in D-Day at Juno beach. I shall never forget standing on the bow at midnight, watching the USS Ingraham float off and sink. If you wish to contact me, you may call my residence at 504-486-4658. I live in New Orleans, LA and am a retired minister. Sincerely, Bill Brown."

I did call Mr .Brown and we had a lively discusssion. Apparently he had not read my book closely or he would have realized that he had been on the SS Awatea. (Later, the SS Awatea was hit by a German bomb during the invasion of North Africa and sunk off Bougie in the Mediterranean on 11 November 1942.) Trooper (and now Reverend) Brown was most emphatic when speaking of the mechanical impact of the crash particularly with respect to his immediate surroundings and the shattering of glass. He had in our conversation and in his first e-mail made no mention of a spectacular flash. After I reminded him of the occurrence of a tremendous flash of light, he agreed that such a flash had probably occurred. He spoke of the difference of time of events between my record and his recollection but I attribute that to the possibility of our ship's clock (probably British double summer time, a six hour advance from Eastern Standard Time) being different from the time kept on the Awatea's clock. Edison was out of Boston and the convoy ships had earlier assembled in Halifax. I do not think this is a factor. Irrespective of Mr. Brown's initial failure to recall the name of the ship he was on, and the omission in his first account of the spectacular flash of light, he was graphic in his detail of the impact of a mechanical collision. The crux of his narration is that he identified the destroyer USS Ingraham as the one that he saw sink and that he had been within a few seconds at the base of a ladder of actually seeing the Awatea hit her.

Trooper Brown had not mentioned a flash of light, but had noted,"I saw the destroyer float off and sink." Ships take a little time to sink, even those as grievously wounded as Ingraham. Could a ship almost dead in the water and with her stern fully awash as was the Buck, be one that is sinking. Could not the Buck have been the destroyer that floated off, and could it not then, presumably , have sunk? If the fog swallows up a ship that is sinking by the stern, has she not presumably sunk, as Awatea moves off and the destroyer disappears, into the sea or into the fog? Awatea, as the observing ship also would have continued her motion on into the fog. Or did several minutes moment freeze in space and time enabling one to see a whole ship go under the water giving that characteristic updwelling of water right after sliding under? Tough questions that many experienced sailors have faced in describing specific events of the North Atlantic in WWII.

Certainly two U.S. destroyers were in deep trouble that night. Given the improbability of reading a destroyer's name on its stern under those dense fog conditions, the Buck and the Ingraham still had markedly different profiles. Mr. Brown identifies "Ingraham." The differences in profiles (the Buck was a one-stacker and the Ingraham a two stacker) have not been remarked upon and I would not expect that distinction to be noted since there has been no incident report of anyone seeing both destroyers together.

The USS Chemung and the USS Buck were separated by several miles when Edison came across the Chemung afire. The Awatea picked up no Ingraham survivors and this could square with Mr. Brown's recollections very likely because the Awatea's forward motion carried her on into the fog. But if he saw and if the Awatea crew saw the Ingraham sink would not the question of potential Ingraham survivors have come to the fore with respect to the Awatea. It is my assumption, as I review the matter, that based upon elimination, the USS Bristol, DD-453, which attended to the Buck had in all probability picked up the Ingraham survivors. The convoy went on, the Awatea did not pick up survivors, and the Buck was incapacitated. That leaves only the Bristol and my ship, the Edison, and Edison did not pick up survivors that night. It was Bristol that picked up Ingraham's survivors.

I asked Trooper. Brown during my phone conversation with him to address the matter once again and send me his reprise directly. He did in a 2nd e-mail dated 07/30/2000. I quote it verbatim below.

"I have read with great interest the fourth chapter of Captain Frank Dailey's book, "Joining The War At Sea 1939-1945." It whetted and enlightened for me the events of that devastating accident in the North Atlantic, August 22, 1942. I was a member of the Canadian armed services, having first completed two years of training, and now being sent to England in preparation for the European invasion.

On the night of Aug 22 nd I was assigned to sentry duty on the forward deck of our transport the passenger liner Awatea. Our quarters were quite crowded, and we slept in rows of hammocks on the lower decks. As my partner and I dressed out for our midnight watch we were just beginning our ascent of the stairs when what we thought was a torpedo shattered every breakable thing in sight. Men were dumped out of their hammocks en masse and we discovered that we had collided with a US destroyer which was floating off in the patchy fog. Our vision was, of course, not perfect and our frantic concerns were for our own survival. However, our shared observation and analysis were that the destroyer sank within minutes accompanied by some rather loud explosions. It had always been our understanding that no one could have possibly survived. I was delighted to hear through Captain Dailey's research that there were eleven who did. "

"The Awatea's crew and some of our own men were able to batten off our damaged bow and keep us afloat, but we were alone in very dangerous waters. Our ship managed to return at about 5-6 knots to Sydney, N.S. on Cape Breton Island. We remained there for several months until another convoy shipped us out of Halifax to Great Britain.

Mr. Brown's statements are level and restrained. I attach much credibility to them. His certainty that Awatea had hit a destroyer that had then sunk, identifying it as the USS Ingraham, as expressed in his first e-mail, is a belief he apparently held for 58 years. At least a certaintly as to the fact of that ship sinking if not the name of the ship itself. There is a danger here that my reasoning, expressed in our telephone conversation, that Chemung's fire forward had convinced me that she had hit the Ingraham may have influenced Mr. Brown to change to "a U.S. destroyer" in his second e-mail as his identification instead of the "Ingraham." Destroyer distinctions are not under question here a one stack Buck and a two stack Ingraham in a fog under emergency conditions would come out to be a "destroyer" to a Canadian trooper and I would be happy to have that man as a lookout on my ship.

It is now established as fact that the Chemung hit the Ingraham and the Awatea hit the Buck. The absence of a huge ball of fire in Mr. Brown's first e-mail, an illumination that would have put broken glass in an afterthought category, is persuasive to me tht his ship, the SS Awatea, is the one that tore into the stern of the USS Buck, DD-420, tearing off one screw, damaging the other screw, and putting Buck's after steering engine crew in peril. The fire in the Chemung's forward hold fits the explosion of the USS Ingraham DD-444 events, and the later rumble under the sea as her depth charges exploded as she went down. The distance from the Chemung to the Buck when Edison was standing by her as the two of us made our way back to the Buck tells me that those two did not collide .

The Awatea remaining close enough to Ingraham after collision would imply that Awatea had turned and come back. She would then very likely have put a boat in the water to rescue survivors or looked for some even if she felt that she were in precarious conditions. These conditions are not met in any version .

The two Canadian troopers on SS Awatea who have corresponded with me have since that event corroborated the fact that the Awatea turned back alone after their collision with the USS Buck DD-420..

Now, let me begin to relate information that correspondents who had fathers serving on the USS Chemung AO-30 on August 22, 1942 have provided to this website author in 2011 about events on the USS Chemung, and what their fathers related to them before their fathers passed. I will couple this with information from the Court of Inquiry that was held on the Chemung after the event, infrormation that was relayed to me some years earlier.

The USS Chemung AO-30 is key to much of the knowledge we have gained in subsequent years about the tragedies that occurred in Convoy AT-20 shortly before midnight on August 22, 1942. Here she is as she was rigged in those Atlantic convoy days. Chemung, unlike warships like destroyers and cruisers, which are either sunk in battle or become outmoded in time, lived on to have active naval service for many years.

USS Chemung AO-30, photo courtesy of Brian Rice on Sept 20, 2011. His father, Thomas Rice, was a Gunner's Mate serving on the USS Chemung, AO-30, during a night fog August 22, 1942 less than a day out of Halifax NS, a night that brought tragedy to troop Convoy AT-20.

Author and eyewitness, Franklyn E. Dailey Jr. whose destroyer the USS Edison DD-439 participated in the recovery aftermath of Convoy AT-20,, first wrote about the collisions in the original web version of "Joining The War At Sea 1939-1945." His original comments on these collision events are found in Chapter 4 of the 457-page published book, now in its Fourth Edition January 2009.

Survivor stories on the losses in Convoy AT-20 on August 22, 1942, received as recently as September 20, 2011, can be found in No Abandon Ship for Ingraham. That page is the next page in this series, or just use the link. It contains more details on the Convoy AT-20 event , brought to life by Anne Marie (McLaughlin) Harris and by Brian Rice, whose fathers were serving on the USS Chemung on August 22, 1942.

Rich Angelini is the grandson of the man we honored just above. Rich has had a busy Navy career, in which he has helped restore the destroyer, USS Joseph P. Kennedy , located near the USS Massachusetts , at Fall River, Massachusetts. These and other vessels at Fall River are maintained for visiting. Rich also assists in the care of the Museum of Navy artifacts on Massachusetts, from active World War II warships, that include the ship's bell, flags from the flagbag, and a torpedo gyro from my own ship the USS Edison DD-439.

Rich Angelini has, on February 6, 2012, provided me with a Navy BuShips preliminary report on the sinking of the USS Bristol DD-453. I am privileged to present five .jpg files containing this report and will comment on what readers of this web page will see. In forwarding these images,. Rich commented: "The images of the Bristol sinking were sent to me by my friend Ed Zajkowski who owns the original war report that he saved off of a ship being scrapped in Philly." By "images" in this context, Rich meant the sketches that Buships made on the likely impact of the torpedo and its damage consequence, both made based on Bristol survivor's reports.

Readers of my book, "Joining the War at Sea 1939-1945," and/or of an earlier website page, seawar4.htm will know that Convoy AT-20, met fog one night out of Halifax in August 1942. Transport SS Awatea with 5,000 Canadian troopers aboard, clipped of f the stern of the USS Buck DD-420, the tanker USS Chemung AO-30 hit the destroyer USS Ingraham DD-444, which blew up an sank with just 11 survivors. The aftermath found this troop convoy, of such high priority that it had a battleship and a cruiser as Oceaan Escorts, sailing on toward Greenock, Scotland, with fewer screening destroyers. That is because my ship, the USS Edison DD-439 and the destroyer USS Bristol DD-453, were ordered to screen the damaged tanker Chemung, towing the propellorless USS Buck back to Halifax. The two screeing destroyers took more than a day to get their slow and partly disable 'convoy' back to Halifax when they were then ordered to prodeed at high speed to rejoin Convoy AT-20.

The prognosis for the ships in this 'mini convoy' also turned out to be poor. USS Buck, repaired and refurbished, was sunk by a U-boat off Salerno, which fired an acoustic homing torpedo right down Buck's throat, causing great loss of life. (See kendall.htm) The troopship Awatea was later sunk in the Mediterranean in convoy. The tanker Chemung later fought in the Pacific and had a great war record.

And the USS Bristol, our escort partner in the miniconvoy that foggy night off Halifax ,was later sunk while escorting a convoy in the Mediterranean. Again, it appears that an acoustic homing torpedo from a U-boat found its mark.

It is the Bristol's loss for which Rich Angelin has gorwarded the following five .jpg images that provide diagnoses based on survivor reports, including that of Bristol's Commanding Officer..

Page -44- is page one in the sequence here ./author/

page -45- is the second of two pages in which BuShips reconstructed the cause of sinking of USS Bristol DD-453 while that destroyer was convoying in the Mediterranean in WW II.

Before we get to two sketches reconstructing the point of impact of the torpedo and the immediate damage effect which led to rapid sinking of Bristol, it would have been interesting to find out if Bristol had her FXR (we called it 'foxer') streamed. This defense against acoustic homing torpedoes involved streaming behind the destroyer, a line that towed two parallel bars, Movement of the bars through the water caused them to vibrate, setting up a high pitched sound wave in the water. The idea is that this would attract the homing torpedo more than the screws of the ship. Once this capability was made available by the think tanks ashore in the U.S., Edison used the scheme constantly and our ship was considered not ready for sea unless the rig was working. I have seen torpedoes explode way back in the wake of our ship.

Author Commentary: I might note here that the USS Buck, DD-420, was sunk by an acoustic homing U-boat torpedo, and we know this because the U-boat skipper came to the U.S. after the war and lectured. But in that case, the U-boat was being pursued by the Buck, which had an active sound contact. The U-boat fired from her stern tube at a directly oncoming target and so the screw noise of the Buck was aft of Buck's hull, on zero azimuth, and the torpedo encountered the Buck's hull, first, and likely was detonated by a magnetic exploder or on contact with the Buck's hull. Finally, of the five ships involved in picking up the pieces left by Convoy AT-20 on an August night in 1942, SS Awatea, USS Buck, and USS Bristol did not survive the war. The only two of that rescue group to survive were the tanker USS Chemung AO-30 and my ship the USS Edison DD-439. Now, back to the sketches based on survivor accounts of the sinking of the USS Bristol DD-453. These are re-creations and they seem entirely credible to me. /Frank Dailey Jr./

Next, the first of two sketches where BuShips experts attempted to recreate the point at which a torpedo hit and sank the USS Bristol DD-453 while that destroyer was on convoy duty in the Mediterranean in WWII. My Naval Academy classmate "Whitey" McCain was an officer on the Bristol when she was hit and he survived.

Now, the second of two sketches of presumed damage to USS Bristol DD-453 that sank her while she was on convoy duty in the Mediterranean in World War II. This is the fifth and final image in this series.

Readers are invited to comment. It is rare to find such a battle after-ssessment. Contact author.


Gleaves Class Destroyer USS Bristol DD453 3D Model

Gleaves Class Destroyer USS Bristol DD453 3D model by Dreamscape Studios.

This model is built very near to actual scale. The model has animateable features and is fully textured. It comes in several formats including 3ds, asc, dwg, dxf, lwo, max, obj, stl, u3d

Merkmale
- Ready for rendering
- Clean topology
- Well detailed
- Based on actual scale
- Separated materials
- Includes all textures


USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von ellenheid » Thu Aug 23, 2012 8:56 pm

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von HF » Fri Aug 24, 2012 6:14 pm

I hadn't heard of this ship, it must be one of the few warship losses to the Germans sustained by the US Navy.

I presume its loss was down to a mine? There was little in the way of German airpower in that region and hardly any U-boats?

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von ellenheid » Fri Aug 24, 2012 8:46 pm

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von HF » Sun Aug 26, 2012 6:56 pm

October 1943, that makes things clearer.

Good luck with your search.

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von jorgea » Mon Mar 24, 2014 4:45 pm

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von ellenheid » Fri May 30, 2014 7:42 pm

Re: USS Bristol (453)

Beitrag von Ljohnson » Sun Aug 02, 2015 2:43 am

It's a year later, are you still wanting photos & information?

My uncle, Roy Strieter, was also lost on the same ship, his body never recovered.

I have websites, such as uboat.net , photos from navsource.net and you may even search findagrave.com for your crewman'a memorial - my uncle has 3 of them! There is also a video here: https://archive.org/details/NPC-3133 that can be downloaded. It's a Navy Recruitment film, but around the 3 minute mark is DD-453 being launched in 1941.

Hope this helps you or others out there who are looking. I'm continuing the search myself.


Schau das Video: BRISTOL BRITTANIA VISITS HAMBURG - NO SOUND (Januar 2022).